Question: How Did The Two Governments Of Vietnam React Following The Free Elections?

What happened during the Vietnamese election in 1956?

What happened during the Vietnamese election in 1956? Congress passed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution in 1964 that authorized the president to defend American lives in Vietnam.

Why did the US interfere with the Vietnam elections?

This had happened in Eastern Europe after 1945. China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.

Why did the United States support Cancelling elections in South Vietnam?

Why did the US support canceling elections in Vietnam in 1956? They would win, (Ho Chi Minh). US commander in South Vietnam asks for more troops, thinks we will win a war of attrition.

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Why was no unification election held?

America was operating a policy of containment. The USA believed in the domino theory and feared if Vietnam fell to communism, other countries in South East Asia would follow. Consequently, the USA supported the anti-communist South Vietnamese dictator, Ngo Dinh Diem, who refused to hold elections to unify the country.

What was our way of measuring progress in the Vietnam War?

The measure of success adopted was to count bodies, both of those killed and those taken captive, and to count the number of arms seized from the communists after each battle, and not the number of villagers who supported the government. Units earned prizes, decorations, and vacation if they presented high body counts.

Why did America fail in Vietnam?

Although a number of factors and influences, domestic and international, contributed to America’s defeat in Vietnam, the overriding reason the United States lost the war was one that has often fueled nations’ losing military efforts throughout history: the fundamental error in strategic judgment called “refighting the

What were the 3 main causes of the Vietnam War?

In general, historians have identified several different causes of the Vietnam War, including: the spread of communism during the Cold War, American containment, and European imperialism in Vietnam.

What were the impacts of the Vietnam War?

The most immediate effect of the Vietnam War was the staggering death toll. The war killed an estimated 2 million Vietnamese civilians, 1.1 million North Vietnamese troops and 200,000 South Vietnamese troops. During the air war, America dropped 8 million tons of bombs between 1965 and 1973.

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Why did Vietnam become divided?

Vietnam was divided during the Cold War, when tensions between the U.S. and The Soviet Union were at an all-time high.

What was LBJ’s objective in Vietnam?

His limited goal was to keep North Vietnam from destroying South Vietnam’s capacity for self-defense, preserving its ‘independence and freedom from attack. ‘ Johnson never meant for American forces to win the Vietnam War by taking offensive action in the traditional sense.

What groups opposed the Vietnam War?

Students, government officials, labor unions, church groups and middle class families increasingly opposed the war as it climaxed in 1968, forcing a gradual withdrawal of U.S. forces.

Who controlled South Vietnam and why didnt he participate in the 1956 Vietnamese unification elections?

In July, 1955, under the provisions of the Geneva agreements, the two zones of Vietnam were to begin con sultations on the elections scheduled for the next year. But Premier Diem refused to talk with the Communists. And in July, 1956, he refused to hold elections for re unification.

Who were the Vietminh and what they fighting for?

The Viet Minh was a Communist guerrilla force founded in 1941 to fight against the joint Japanese and Vichy French occupation of Vietnam during World War II. Its full name was Việt Nam Ðộc Lập Ðồng Minh Hội, which literally translates as the “League for Viet Nam’s Independence.”

What happened in 1955 during the Vietnam War?

1955: Catholic nationalist Ngo Dinh Diem emerges as the leader of South Vietnam, with U.S. backing, while Ho Chi Minh leads the communist state to the north. Kennedy sends helicopters and 400 Green Berets to South Vietnam and authorizes secret operations against the Viet Cong.

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