Question: Describe How Elections Are Held In India?

What is the system of election in India Class 9?

For Lok Sabha elections, India is divided into 543 constituencies. The representative elected from each constituency is called a Member of Parliament or an MP. Each state is divided into a specific number of Assembly constituencies. Each Parliamentary constituency has within it several assembly constituencies.

Why are election held?

Many countries hold elections to select people to serve in their governments, but other types of organizations hold elections as well. In many places, an election to the government is usually a competition among people who have already won a primary election within a political party.

Who conducts election in India in short?

The Election Commission of India (ECI) is a permanent and independent body established by the Constitution of India directly to ensure free and fair elections in the country.

What do you mean by voting Behaviour?

Voting behavior is a form of electoral behavior. Understanding voters’ behavior can explain how and why decisions were made either by public decision-makers, which has been a central concern for political scientists, or by the electorate.

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What Is The Winner Takes All Rule?

As of the last election, the District of Columbia and 48 States had a winner-takes-all rule for the Electoral College. So, a State legislature could require that its electors vote for a candidate who did not receive a majority of the popular vote in its State.

What is direct election Class 9?

Direct election is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the persons or political party that they desire to see elected. The MPs (members of parliament), MLAs (members of the legislature), and members of the local bodies are elected by direct election.

Why do we need elections Class 9 in points?

People will choose who is going to shape the government and make important decisions. They will choose the party whose policies will guide the making of government and law. Elections provide us with a peaceful transition of power from one form of government to another.

What is Voter List Class 9?

Voters’ List. In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone, which is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voters’ List.

What are Lok Sabha elections?

Elections are by the people directly to the Lok Sabha and each state is divided into territorial constituencies under two provisions of the Constitution: Each state is allotted a number of seats in the Lok Sabha in such a manner that the ratio between that number and its population was as close to uniform as possible.

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What are elections in short?

An election is a way people can choose their candidate or their preferences in a representative democracy or other form of government. Most democratic countries hold new elections for their national legislature every few years. The legislature chooses the government, usually by majority vote in the legislature.

What are the demerits of an electoral competition?

Demerits of electoral competition are:

  • It creates disunity and factionalism in every locality.
  • Different political Parties and leaders often level allegations against one another.
  • It is often said that the pressure to win electoral fights does not allow sensible long-term policies to be formulated.

What is the Article 324?

Article 324 of the Constitution provides that the power of superintendence, direction and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India and the office of vice-president of India shall be vested in the election commission.

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